jump to navigation

The Soviet Union and now Cuba illustrate that the individual, not the press, is the better guarantor of individual rights 3/6/08

Posted by Steve Boriss in IndividualRights.

Technology has typically been no friend of the people in the historical struggles between oppressive regimes and those yearning to be free. For all of its inarguable benefits, the printing press tended to concentrate societal communications among an elite few who could then be identified and pressured by rulers. Broadcast in many ways was even worse, as governments in even supposedly “free” countries immediately seized control of the electromagnetic spectrum, and required broadcasters to come begging to them every few years to get their licenses renewed. That’s why political talk is so much hotter on relatively unregulated cable TV than on the networks.

But in recent decades, technology has suddenly become the great liberator. Scott Shane has traced the fall of the Soviet empire to the fax machines, copiers, videocams, and PC’s that helped the people organize. The NY Times reports that “A growing underground network of young people armed with computer memory sticks, digital cameras and clandestine Internet hookups” may be destabilizing the oppressive dictatorship in Cuba.

The heroics of these Soviet and Cuban people using these new, more personal technologies should serve as a reminder that “freedom of the press” in the First Amendment referred not to the special freedoms of an elite group we now call “the press,” but the right of each one of us as individuals to freely use a printing press. Actually, if you think about it, “the press” in the U.S. has traditionally been no friend of the people either, often treating the Soviet Union and Cuba as model nations, the free-speech-suppressing FCC as heroes, and the McCain-Feingold bill’s elimination of our pre-election free speech as a great leap forward. Elites of all stripes, be they from government or the press, can be expected to favor their selfish interests over ours. The rights of individuals are best protected by technologies for individuals.


1. Chris B. - 3/7/08

“the printing press tended to concentrate societal communications among an elite few who could then be identified and pressured by rulers”

I’m not sure the Roman Catholic magisterium in the 16th century would have agreed with that statement.

2. Steve Boriss - 3/7/08

Chris, Let’s just say that the printing press had a promising start. But in Spain in1502, Ferdinand and Isabella required that all printed works be licensed by government or church authorities. In England in 1538, all works printed had to be licensed. In Germany in 1521, printers were required to submit work to prior censorship and obtain publication permission from church or government authorities. And in France in 1561, flogging was the penalty for those who disseminated defamatory or seditious materials. Death was the penalty for repeat offenses. Guess the magisterium was not part of the in-crowd.

3. 생활지혜 - 8/28/08

딸국질은 횡경막의 경련에 의해서 일어 나는 것으로 쇼크를

준다거나 잠시 호흡을 멈추면 낫는다.

하지만 경우에 따라정신적 부담감으로 빨리 멎지 않을 때가 있다.

멈추게 하는제일 좋은 방법은 심호흡을 한 뒤 견딜 수 있는데까지

숨을 쉬지 않는 것이다.

또는 숨을 멈춘채 찬물을 조금씩 마셔도효과가 있다.

그래도 가라 앉지 않으면 조용히 숨을 내쉬면

서 아랫배를 들이밀거나 때때로 배에 힘을 가득 준 뒤 호흡

을 멈추는 복식호흡도 좋다.

출처: http://cafe.daum.net/lifebean

4. 생활지혜 - 10/4/08

● 볼펜자국은 물파스로 지운다.
볼펜자국 위에 물파스를 가볍게 두드리면 바로 지워지고,
또 알콜 적신 거즈로 얼룩진 부분을 두드리듯 닦아내도 말끔하게 지워진다.

● 커피 홍차 사이다 주스 얼룩
커피와 홍차는 당분이 포함되지 않은 탄산수를 거즈에 묻혀 두드리고,
사이다와 주스는 얼룩이 진 즉시 묽은 소금물에 거즈를 적셔 두드린다.

● 버터의 얼룩
비눗물로 닦아낸 다음, 기름기가 남아 있는 부분을 벤젠으로 두드리듯이 닦아낸다.

● 계란의 얼룩
알콜을 흠뻑 적신 거즈로 두드리듯이 닦아낸 다음 비눗물로 닦아낸다.


5. 생활지혜 - 10/26/08

냉장고는 한번 설치하면 계속 사용하기 때문에 전력소모율이 매우 높다.

한 가정의 한 달 전기요금 중 냉장고가 4분의 1을 차지한다는 통계도 있다.

냉장고는 자주 여닫을수록, 보관하는 음식물이 많을수록 전력소모량이 많다.

냉장고에는 음식물을 60%가량 채우는 것이 적당하다.

방열기에먼지가 끼면 효율이 떨어지므로 자주 청소해야 전력소모를 줄일 수 있다.

출처:다음카페 생활의지혜!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: